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begriffe:auslese_natuerliche [2013/03/16 19:39]
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 ====== Auslese, natürliche ====== ====== Auslese, natürliche ======
  
-Siehe auch: [[Selektion]]+Siehe auch: [[begriffe:selektion]]
  
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-^ lat.    |      |^ engl.        | +^ engl.  |natural selection|^ franz.  sélection naturelle  | 
-^ franz.    |^Gegenbegriffe   | | +^Gegenbegriffe|  |^ Wortfeld| |
-^ Wortfeld| ||||+
  
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- 
 ===== Disziplinäre Begriffe ===== ===== Disziplinäre Begriffe =====
  
Zeile 21: Zeile 19:
 === Begriffsgeschichtliche Arbeiten === === Begriffsgeschichtliche Arbeiten ===
 === Sonstige Literatur === === Sonstige Literatur ===
 +
 +  * Arnold, A.J. und K. Fristrup: The theory of evolution by natural selection: a hierarchical expansion. In: Paleobiology, 8, 1982, S. 113-129.
 +
 +  * Bajema, C.J.: Natural Selection in Human Populations -- The Measurement of Ongoing Genetic Evolution in Contemporary Societies. New York, 1971.
 +
 +  * Barker, A.D.: An approach to the theory of natural selection. In: Philosophy, 44, 1969, S. 271-290.
 +
 +  * Bouchard, F. und A. Rosenberg: Fitness, probability and the principles of natural selection. In: British Journal for the Philosophy of Science, 55, 2004, S. 693-712.
 +
 +  * Bradie, M. und M. Gromko: The status of the principle of natural selection. In: Nature and System, 3, 1981, S. 3-12.
  
   * Canguilhem, G.: Les concepts de “lutte pour l’existence” et de “sélection naturelle” en 1958: Charles Darwin et Alfred Russel Wallace. Paris, 1959.   * Canguilhem, G.: Les concepts de “lutte pour l’existence” et de “sélection naturelle” en 1958: Charles Darwin et Alfred Russel Wallace. Paris, 1959.
-    * Rezension: J. Théodoridès, Archives Internationales d’Histoire des Sciences 12, 1959, S. 332-333.+    * Rezension: J. Théodoridès, Archives Internationales d’Histoire des Sciences12, 1959, S. 332-333.
  
-  * Claeys, Gregory: The "Survival of the Fittest" and the Origins of Social Darwinism, in: Journal of the History of Ideas 61/2 (2000S. 223-240.+  * Claeys, Gregory: The "Survival of the Fittest" and the Origins of Social Darwinism, in: Journal of the History of Ideas61/22000S. 223-240.
  
-  * Darwin, Charles, Alfred Russel Wallace, George Sarton, Charles Lyell, and Jos. D. Hooker: Discovery of the Theory of Natural Selection. Isis 14, 1930, S. 133-154.+  * Darwin, Charles, Alfred Russel Wallace, George Sarton, Charles Lyell und Jos. D. Hooker: Discovery of the Theory of Natural Selection. In: Isis14, 1930, S. 133-154.
  
-  * GreneMarjorieStatistics and Selection. The British Journal for the Philosophie of Science XII1961 XII, S. 25-42. [[http://www.jstor.org/pss/685536|Vorschau]]+  * FisherR.A.The Genetical Theory of Natural Selection. Oxford1930
  
-  * RuseMichael: Natural selection in The Origin of Species. Studies In History and Philosophy of Science Part A 1/41971S. 311-351.+  * Godfrey-SmithP.Darwinian Populations and Natural SelectionOxford2009.
  
-  * StephensChristopherNatural selectionHandbook of the Philosophy of Science 2007, S. 111-127.+  * GreneMarjorieStatistics and SelectionIn: The British Journal for the Philosophie of Science, XII, 1961 XII, S. 25-42. [[http://www.jstor.org/pss/685536|Vorschau]]
  
-  * SartonGeorge: Darwin'Conception of the Theory of Natural SelectionIsis 261937S. 336-340.+  * LeeK.K.Popper’s falsifiability and Darwinnatural selectionIn: Philosophy441969.
  
-  * SoberElliott and Steven Hecht Orzack: Common Ancestry and Natural Selection. The British Journal for the Philosophie of Science 542003 S. 423-437.+  * LernerI.M.: The concept of natural selection: a centennial view. In: Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, 103, 1959, S. 173-182.
  
-|AbstractWe explore the evidential relationships that connect two standard claims of modern evolutionary biology. The hypothesis of common ancestry (which says that all organisms now on earth trace back to a single progenitor) and the hypothesis of natural selection (which says that natural selection has been an important influence on the traits exhibited by organisms) are logically independent; however, this leaves open whether testing one requires assumptions about the status of the otherDarwin noted that an extreme version of adaptationism would undercut the possibility of making inferences about common ancestryHere we develop a converse claim—hypotheses that assert that natural selection has been an important influence on trait values are untestable unless supplemented by suitable background assumptionsThe fact of common ancestry and a claim about quantitative genetics together suffice to render such hypotheses testableFurthermore, we see no plausible alternative to these assumptions; we hypothesize that they are necessary as well as sufficient for adaptive hypotheses to be testedThis point has important implications for biological practicesince biologists standardly assume that adaptive hypotheses predict trait associations among tip species. Another consequence is that adaptive hypotheses cannot be confirmed or disconfirmed by a trait value that is universal within a single speciesif that trait value deviates even slightly from the optimum.|+  * Lewens, T.Natural selection then and now. In: BiolRevCambPhilos. Soc., 85, 2010S. 829-835.
  
-  * Vorzimmer, Peter: Darwin, Malthus, and the Theory of Natural Selection. Journal of the History of Ideas 30.4, (1969S. 527-542. +  * Muller, H.J.: The Darwinian and modern conceptions of natural selection. In: Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, 93, 1949, S. 459-470. 
 + 
 +  * Okasha, S.: Fisher’s ‘fundamental theorem’ of natural selection: a philosophical analysis. In: British Journal for the Philosophy of Science, 59, 2008, S. 319-351. 
 + 
 +  * Radick, G.: Is the theory of natural selection independent of its history? In: Hodge, J. und G. Radick (Hg), The Cambridge Companion to Darwin, 2003, S. 143-167. 
 + 
 +  * Ruse, Michael: Natural selection in The Origin of Species. In: Studies In History and Philosophy of Science Part A 1/4, 1971, S. 311-351. 
 + 
 +  * Stephens, Christopher: Natural selection. In: Philosophy of Biology. Handbook of the Philosophy of Science, Hg. v. Christopher Stephens und Mohan Matthen, 2007, S. 111-127. 
 + 
 +  * Sarton, George: Darwin's Conception of the Theory of Natural Selection. In: Isis, 26, 1937, S. 336-340. 
 + 
 +  * Sober, Elliott und Steven Hecht Orzack: Common Ancestry and Natural Selection. In: The British Journal for the Philosophie of Science, 54, 2003, S. 423-437. [[redaktion:Auslese|Abstract intern]]; [[http://bjps.oxfordjournals.org/content/54/3/423.short|Abstract]] 
 + 
 +  * Walsh, D.M.: Chasing shadows: natural selection and adaptation. In: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, 31, 2000, S. 135-153. 
 + 
 +  * Waters, C.K.: Natural selection without survival of the fittest. In: Biology and Philosophy 1, 1986, S. 207-225. 
 + 
 +  * Vorzimmer, Peter: Darwin, Malthus, and the Theory of Natural Selection. In: Journal of the History of Ideas30.4, 1969S. 527-542. 
  
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 [[Redaktion:auslese|Redaktionsseite]] [[Redaktion:auslese|Redaktionsseite]]
  
-^ Kategorien: {{tag> Biologie }}  ^  +^ Kategorien: {{tag> Biologie Sozialwissenschaften }}  ^ 
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